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Healing Herbs Theme Trail in the Wildschönau | Wildschönau Tourism

An informative walk along the Auenweg Path in the Wildschönau

Healing Herbs Theme Trail in the Wildschönau

The Healing Herbs Trail on the Auenweg Path in Niederau was established in 2019 in cooperation with herb expert Sonja Seisl.

Which herb has which healing properties? The answer to this and many other questions are answered on the Auenweg Path in Niederau. Informative boards along the path describe each plant and its characteristics. A brochure on this theme can be found in the tourist office or your hotel.

Horsetail

Equisetum arvense
Plant family: Equisetaceae.
Tea, baths, dye.
The horsetail first grows shoots in the spring and then grows like a small fir tree. Horsetails are good for the kidneys. Armonic acid is reduced, rheumatic symptoms alleviated, and tissue strengthened. Please take care with heart or
kidney insufficiency. Horsetail can be made into a tea or used as a herbal bath.

Great maple

Acer pseudoplatanus
Plant family: Sapindaceae.
Bee pasture, sugar.
The Great Maple can grow to over 80 m and to an age of 500 years. Tirol’s oldest maple grove is on the Ahorn Boden in the Karwendel Mountains. The sap of the maple is harvested in spring to make syrup. A fruit wine can also be made of the juice. Maple leaves used to be fed to sheep and goats and used to line the stalls. Ripe maple berries are poisonous for horses. The flowers are a great source of nectar for bees.

Eyebright

Euphrasia officinalis
Plant family: Orobanchaceae
Tea, eye baths.
Eyebright is a comfort for the third eye. Eyebright is a partial parasite. Invisible to the observer are the root suckers with which eyebright draws nourishment from the roots of neighbouring grasses. For this reason, it is also known as milk thief or farmer’s enemy. In homeopathy Euphrasia is used to alleviate any infections of the eye. Used externally, teas can help cure runny, tired eyes as well as conjunctivitis in humans and animals.

brooklime

Veronica beccabunga
Plant family: Plantaginaceae
Wild vegetables, tea.
The brooklime grows near water and is said to indicate pure water springs.
Young leaves can be eaten in a salad. They encourage good digestion and alleviate spring fatigue. Brooklime grows half submerged and provides
protection for several animal species.

common valerian

Valeriana officinalis
Plant family: Caprifoliaceae
Bee pasture, tea.
The relaxing and calming effect of valerian is widely known. Valerian used to be found in every kitchen garden. It was believed that it warded off evil spirits.
In butter production, farmers would pour the milk through wreaths of valerian to help separate the cream.

common birch

Betula pendula
Plant family: Betulaceae
Wild salad, tea, birch sugar, ointment, dye, hair lotion.
The birch is a tree for new beginnings and is the first tree to foliate in the spring. Birch juice strengthens the body and was a popular hair lotion. The young leaves can be eaten in a salad or drunk as a tea and have a diuretic effect (attention by limited cardiac or renal function). The pretty white bark was used to write love letters upon. It was also used as a firelighter. The celts believed that birch groves were holy places.

purple loosestrife

Lythrum salicaria
Plant family: Lythraceae
Tea, ointment.
Regrettably the Purple Loosestrife has somewhat fallen into oblivion.
It was used as a blood stiller for nose bleeds or on fresh wounds.
The ointment is used for skin rashes. Loosestrife is used in leather
tanning. The Latin word lythrum means blood-covered. One
legend tells that after the decapitation of John the Baptist, loosestrife began to grow where his blood had been spilled.

Tormentil

Potentilla erecta
Plant family: Rosaceae
Bee pasture, tea, ointment, schnapps, dye, toothpaste.
Tormentil is also used to gurgle with for sore throats or toncillitis and works very well against diarrhea.

common nettle

Urtica dioica
Plant family: Urticaceae.
Wild vegetables, tea, dye.
The nettle has always been known as a universal healing herb. Nettles can be used for a drastic remedy or as a first aid method. A nettle poultice activates the blood circulation and brings relief for infections or injuries. (Attention: Never drink nettle tea for a longer period of time!) Nettle tea can be used as a
purifying drink in the spring. Young leaves taste like spinach and can be eaten in salads or soups. Nettle seeds are a true tonic and have a high iron content.
The roots are an excellent treatment for healthy hair. It is also said to improve your disposition and to fight negative emotions and for this reason was planted near houses. Nettle fertiliser is effective against garden snails. Caterpillars need the sturdy nettle for food, and it should therefore be a feature of every natural garden.

blackberry

Rubus fruticosus
Plant family: Rosaceae
Wild fruit, bee pasture, tea, dye.
The blackberry or bramble grows on wasteland, in clearings and hedgerows and is an indication for moist and nutritious earth. Blackberry leaves are an
ancient remedy for diarrhea and infected mucous membrane. The young leaves used to be chewed to strengthen the gums. Blackberries are well-loved
for cordial, jelly or jam and support the immune system.

common self-heal

Prunella vulgaris
Plant family: Lamiaceae
Wild vegetable, ointment, tea.
The Self Heal is a popular remedy for sore throats, and therefore known as the Singer’s Herb. It is used for healing wounds in ointment and tea form.
Self-Heal tastes good in salads, spreads or soups. It is a Californian Bach Flower Remedy that supports the body‘s own immune system.

Himalayan balsam

Impatiens glandulifera
Plant family: Balsaminaccae
Bee pasture, Bach Flower remedy.
The plant is used to treat impatience. It is slightly toxic in its fresh state.  As an indicator plant it grows best on thick, nutritious soil near water. The nectar from the blossoms has a high sugar content and is loved by bees and bumble
bees. The seeds are oily and have a nutty taste.

rowan

Sorbus aucuparia
Plant family: Rosaceae
Wild fruit, bee pasture, tea.
The rowan or mountain ash is one of the most elegant and harmonious trees in the rose family. It’s red rowan berries are a symbol for fertility and vitality.
The schnapps made from them is held in high regard by connoisseurs. Rowan berries have an extremely high vitamin C
content. The berries are best gathered after the first frost and then mixed with apples to make a delicious sauce. The berries are bitter when eaten raw because of the high acidity and should not be consumed in large amounts.

English oak

Quercus
Plant family: Fagaceae
Bach Flower remedy, coffee, dye, ointment, tea.
There are 2 types of oak: The Sessile Oak or the Common Oak.
It is a robust, resistant and gnarled tree that can live to an age of 1000 years.
In ancient times, it was protected as a holy tree. Lightening and the oak tree are an inseparable duo in mythology. Oak trees give one a feeling of security,
comfort and strength of will. Oak wood is a precious commodity. Almost all species of oak, however, are threatened by climate change, sinking ground  water levels and air pollution. One of Europe’s oldest oaks stands in Bad Blumau (Styria).

common spruce

Picea abies
Plant family: Pinaceae
Herb bath, ointment, bee pasture, resin, cordial, tea.
Spruce trees are prolific in our region. The spruce grows to a height of 60 m and has a red-brown to grey-brown bark. It can reach an age of 600 years.
The spruce has a fibrous root system. Its essential oils activate the
blood circulation and work as an expectorant. St Hildegard von Bingen
decribed the spruce as a symbol for hope and strength. Spruce resin is used
in incense and has a desinfecting property.

lady's mantel

Alchemilla xanthochlora
Plant family: Rosaceae
Tea, ointment.
This alchemist herb is particularly good for women’s complaints and restores the inner balance. Its high tannin content aides wound healing. The morning dew on its leaves are called Royal Drops. A popular treatment for skin impurities was to rub the leaf with the dew directly onto the temples. Young leaves can be used with dandelion leaves in a salad and taste very good in potato salad.

daisy

Bellis perennis
Plant family: Compositae
Edible blossoms, tea, ointment.
The natural anti-depressant puts the world to rights. The daisy is also known as “children’s arnica“ because of its high vitamin content. The pretty flowers enhance salads, soups, spreads or cakes and stimulate our metabolism.
In the middle ages it was known as margurite. If the daisy remains closed
then it will be a cloudy day and rain is very likely.

common silverweed

Potentilla anserina
Plant family: Rosaceae
Wild vegetable, tea.
Silverweed is used in a tea to treat menstruation pains and colic in babies. Young leaves when eaten in a salad help with the digestion.

Goat weed

Aegopodium podagraria
Plant family: Umbelliferae
Wild vegetable, tea.
Goat weed is often found in meadows or gardens. It used to be said that a goat weed leaf a day protected from gout and rheumatism. It has a  detoxifying effect and dissolves ironic acid. Its taste is similar to parsley and it has many uses in the kitchen; in salads, spinach and soups for example.
The name Aegopodium comes from the Greek words for goat and hoof because of the shape of its leaves.

ground ivy

Glechoma hederacea
Plant family: Labiatae
Wild vegetable, ointment, tea.
Ground ivy is known for its purifying effect: It washes out pus, toxic fluids and lead from the body. The ivy is an evergreen ground covering plant, which keeps the soil moist and which therefore ought to be tolerated in every  garden. In combination with the nettle, yarrow and ribwort the ivy is delicious in a herb soup. Ivy is poisonous for horses but in humans it activates almost all bodily organs and raises the spirits (do not overdose).
Gourmet tip: 8 leaves in cream give every sauce a marvellous aroma, or pickle
leaves in high quality vinegar.

rosehip

Rosa canina
Plant family: Rosaceae
Wild fruit, bee pasture, tea, ointment, Bach Flower remedy, dye.
The Rosehip or Dog’s Rose is a particularly valuable plant who’s fruits not only taste very pleasant in a tea but are also a very effective cold remedy.
Wild roses bloom once a year and have five petals. The seed pod is then the rosehip. There are 120 known species in Europe alone. Rosehip jam is delicious and full of vitamins. When laid in oil, the petals make a valuable skin oil. The rose opens the heart for affection and reconciliation. It strengthens nerves and improves the mood and opens the way to harmony.
It protects the aura and the heart chakra.

hazelnut

Corylus avellana
Plant family: Betulaceae
Wild fruit, bee pasture, tea, oil.
The hazelnut blooms from February/March before foliation and is therefore an important source of pollen for bees.
Hazelnuts have a high fat content (up to 65%) and contain vitamin B and many enzymes and trace elements. Hazelnut oil has a fine, nutty aroma and is delicious in salads, desserts, muesli or whole food dishes. Please take care in case of allergies!

raspberry

Rubus idaeus
Plant family: Rosaceae
Wild fruit, bee pasture, tea.
Young raspberry leaves gathered in spring make a healthy tea used to treat
infections of the mucous membranes. Midwives recommend raspberry leaf tea from the 5th month of pregnancy to prepare for birth. The raspberry flowers are an important source of nectar for bees and other insects. The berries are full of vitamins and used for making cordial, jams and jellies.

Shepherd's Purse

Capsella bursa-pastoris
Plant family: Brassicaceae
Wild vegetable, tea, oil.
In folk medicine Shepherd's Purse is used to stop bleeding after birth. Young leaves taste very good in a salad. In homeopathy it is used to stop bleeding from any part of the body. Do NOT use in pregnancy!

common elder

Sambucus nigra
Plant family: Adoxaceae
Wild fruit, tea, dye, cordial.
Elder is a veritable all-rounder and protection for house and home.
The flowers, gathered in the spring can be eaten in batter, made into tea, jam or cordial. The leaves used to be given to farm animals as a healthy addition to their fodder. Elderberries are poisonous if eaten raw and should be well
boiled before being made into cordial or jam. They are excellent in warding
off colds and infections in the winter.

St. John's Wort

Hypericum perforatum
Plant family: Hypericaceae
Dye, tea, oil.
Take St John’s Wort on 24th June (St. John’s day) for the
best effect. The flowers are made into healing red oil. St John’s Wort helps people with depression. When taking St John’s Wort exposure to sun must
be avoided. It may also interrupt the efficiency of the contraceptive pill.

larch

Larix decidua
Plant family: Pinaceae
Herb baths, Bach Flower remedy, ointment, resin.
The larch tree is an exception among coniferous trees as it loses its needles every year. It is the symbol for a new beginning, courage and renewal.
According to legend, white female ghosts live in the larch trees. Larch turpentine is used in ointments, and bath salts against coughs and colds and
to heal wounds.

dandelion

Taraxacum officinale
Plant family: Compositae
Wild vegetable, bee pasture, dye, tea, coffee.
The dandelion stalks and leaves can be eaten in salads, while the roots can be used for ersatz coffee. Young buds can be marinated in vinegar and taste similar to capers. A cordial can be made from the flowers. The dandelion is widely used for treatment of the liver but because of its bitter substances it should be taken in small amounts only. The bitter substances activate the digestion and are good for the disposition. The younger leaves taste a
little milder. Dandelion is good for sufferers of water retention and is  xcellent for the kidneys, the liver and for blood purification.

meadowsweet

Filipendula ulmaria
Plant family: Rosaceae
Bee pasture, tea, dye.
In folk medicine meadowsweet was used against colds and flu because of its salicylic acid. Bee hives used to be rubbed with meadowsweet so that the bees could feel at home! The blossoms were used for making sweet fritters or
syrup in the same way as elderberry flowers.

yarrow

Achillea millefolium
Plant family: Compositae
Wild vegetable, tea, ointment, dye, bee pasture.
Known as Venus‘ Eyebrows. Young leaves contain many minerals and  enhance spreads and salads. Yarrow is popular as a healing herb not only for women’s complaints but also for the whole body. Yarrow can be used with
other herbs to make extremely healthy soups. It is also popular in fertilisers
to protect plants from disease.

bistort

Persicaria bistorta
Plant family: Polygonaceae
Wild vegetables, tea.
Bistort is found in great numbers in moist meadows at higher altitudes.
The roots are used in tanning leather and in folk medicine they are used as a treatment for diarrhoea. The leaves can be eaten like spinach and Bistort is
therefore often found in farm gardens.

ribwort plantain

Plantago lanceolata
Plant family: Plantaginaceae
Wild vegetable, tea, ointment.
The ribwort is first aid for insect bites! A leaf is folded and chewed to release  the anti-inflammatory substances and then rubbed onto the bite. Ribwort is also a popular remedy for coughs and for ailments of the lung in general. It has an antibiotic effect and frees the lung from phlegm. Young ribwort leaves taste good in spreads and soups. The healers of old knew that blood  purification works best in the spring as soon as the ribwort starts to grow. On the first day eat one leaf, on the second day two and so on for 15 days. Then reduce the dose by one leaf per day.

wood angelica

Angelica sylevestris
Plant family: Apiaceae
Tea, ointment.
Wood Angelica is a biennial plant, which foliates in the first year and flowers in the second. It has antiseptic properties and strengthens the immune
system. Its essential oils and bitter substances have a healing effect.